Assistant Professor
Mathematics Education
ACIV-A Room 415 
UMBC
1000 Hilltop Circle
Baltimore, MD 21250

Email: rakes@umbc.edu
Twitter: @RakesChris

Phone: (410) 455-3483
Fax: (410) 455-3986

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CV

Philosophy of Teaching

Research Interests

Welcome to my website! 

I taught mathematics for ten years (eight in secondary; two in postsecondary) in both urban and rural settings, where I concentrated on helping at-risk students succeed in mathematics. For two years (2010-2012), I coordinated the peer review of grant proposals on the Mathematics and Science panel at the Institute of Education Sciences. I also edited reports from the National Center of Education Statistics and a Practice Guide on mathematics problem solving from the National Center of Education Evaluation.

My scholarly work involves multiple analytic techniques such as systematic review, meta-analysis, structural equation modeling (SEM), hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) and uses mixed methodology designs. I study methods for improving student learning in mathematics (especially addressing misconceptions), teacher knowledge and the role of teacher knowledge in classroom practice, the use of technology in mathematics education, and the relationship of misconceptions in algebra, geometry, rational numbers, and probability.

Favorite Quotes

Injustice anywhere threatens justice everywhere. ~Martin Luther King, Jr.

You must be the change you wish to see in the world.~Mahatma Gandhi

A 'No' uttered from the deepest conviction is better than a 'Yes' merely uttered to please, or worse, to avoid trouble. ~Mahatma Gandhi

In 5-billion years the Sun will expand & engulf our orbit as the charred ember that was once Earth vaporizes. Have a nice day. ~Neil de Grass Tyson

Christians, if you'd been born in Pakistan you'd be Muslim. Muslims, if born in Poland you'd be Catholic. So why so confident in your faith?  ~Richard Dawkins

 EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND

  • Ph.D. in Curriculum & Instruction, University of Louisville, 2010
  • M.A. in Mathematics Education-Secondary Education, University of Kentucky, 2000
  • B.A. in Mathematics Education, University of Kentucky, 1999
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RESEARCH INTERESTS

  • Student learning of mathematics and misconceptions
  • Knowledge for teaching mathematics
  • Technology for mathematics education
  • Research design and methodology
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PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES

  • NCTM NCATE Program Reviewer, 2012-present.
  • Assessment Committee, UMBC Department of Education
  • Faculty Grievance Committee, University of Maryland, Baltimore County
  • Disclosure Review Board Committee Member, Institute of Education Sciences
  • Emerging Issues Committee Member, National Council of Teachers of Mathematics
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PROFESSIONAL MEMBERSHIPS

  • National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM)
  • Association of Mathematics Teacher Educators (AMTE)
  • American Educational Research Association (AERA)
  • International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education (IGPME)
  • North American Chapter of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education (PMENA)
  • Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE)
  • Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD)
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SELECTED PUBLICATIONS
2014

Ronau, R. N., Rakes, C. R., Bush, S., Driskell, S., Niess, M. L., & Pugalee, D. (in press). A systematic study of dissertations in mathematics educational technology and its implications for doctoral programs. American Educational Research Journal. Published online 25 April 2014. DOI:10.3102/0002831214531813.


2013

Rudasill, K. M., Niehaus, K., Crockett, L., & Rakes, C. (in press). Changes in school connectedness and deviant peer affiliation among sixth-grade students from high-poverty neighborhoods. Journal of Early Adolescence, published online 12 December 2013. DOI: 10.1177/0272431613511330.

Aseltyne, E., North, C., & Rakes, C. R. (2013). A vision of CAIRE Breakthrough sustainability as seen by cross-functional team personnel. [Technical Report]. Baltimore, MD: University of Maryland, Baltimore County and Towson University. Full Text


2012

Niehaus, K., Rudasill, K., & Rakes, C. R. (2012). A longitudinal study of school connectedness and academic outcomes across sixth grade. Journal of School Psychology, 50, 443-460. DOI: 10.1016/j.jsp.2012.03.002 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022440512000337


2011

Ronau, R. N., Rakes, C. R., & Niess, M. L. (Eds.). (2011). Educational technology, teacher knowledge, and classroom impact: A research handbook on frameworks and approaches. Hershey, PA: IGI Global. DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60960-750-0 http://www.igi-global.com/Bookstore/TitleDetails.aspx?TitleId=49583

Ronau, R. N., & Rakes, C. R. (2011). A Comprehensive Framework for Teacher Knowledge (CFTK): Complexity of individual aspects and their interactions. In R. N. Ronau, C. R. Rakes, & M. L. Niess (Eds.), Educational technology, teacher knowledge, and classroom impact: A research handbook on frameworks and approaches. Hershey, PA: IGI Global. DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60960-750-0.ch004 http://www.igi-global.com/Bookstore/TitleDetails.aspx?TitleId=49583

Ronau, R. N., & Rakes, C. R. (2011). Making the grade: Reporting educational technology and teacher knowledge research. In R. N. Ronau, C. R. Rakes, & M. L. Niess (Eds.), Educational technology, teacher knowledge, and classroom impact: A research handbook on frameworks and approaches. Hershey, PA: IGI Global. DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60960-750-0.ch014 http://www.igi-global.com/Bookstore/TitleDetails.aspx?TitleId=49583

2010

Rakes, C. R. (2010).Misconceptions in rational numbers, probability, algebra, and geometry. Dissertation Abstracts International – A, 71(08), Feb 2011. (UMI No. AAT 3415205) Full Text

Rakes, C. R., Valentine, J., McGatha, M. C., & Ronau, R. N. (2010). Methods of Instructional Improvement in Algebra: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Review of Educational Research, 80, 372-400. DOI: 10.3102/0034654310374880 http://rer.sagepub.com/content/80/3/372.abstract?rss=1

Ronau, R. N., Rakes, C. R., Niess, M. L., Wagener, L., Pugalee, D., Browning, C., Driskell, S. O., & Mathews, S. M. (2010). New directions in the research of technology-enhanced education. In J. Yamamoto, C. Penny, J. Leight, & S. Winterton (Eds.), Technology leadership in teacher education: Integrated solutions and experiences (pp. 263-297). Hershey, PA: IGI Global. DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61520-899-9.ch015 http://www.igi-global.com/Bookstore/Chapter.aspx?TitleId=44365

Valentine, J. C., Rakes, C. R., & Canada, D. (2010). Predicting student outcomes from information knowable at the time of hire: A systematic review. Report submitted to the U.S. Department of Education, grant award # U215K050530. Full Text

2009

McGatha, M. C., Bush, W. S., & Rakes, C. R. (2009). The effects of professional development in formative assessment on mathematics teaching performance and student achievement. Journal of Multidisciplinary Evaluation, 6, 32-43. Retrieved from http://survey.ate.wmich.edu/jmde/index.php/jmde_1/article/view/224/227

2008

Rudasill, K. M., & Rakes, C. R. (2008, August). Analysis of a district school satisfaction survey: General report (Report No. 1). Louisville, KY: University of Louisville. Full Text

Rakes, C. R., & Rudasill, K. M. (2008, August). Analysis of a district school satisfaction survey:  Technical report (Report No. 2). Louisville, KY: University of Louisville. Full Text

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CONFERENCE PAPERS AND PRESENTATIONS

2014

Driskell, S. O., Bush, S. B., Ronau, R. N., Rakes, C. R., Niess, M. L., & Pugalee, D. (2014, February). Professional development shifts in mathematics education technology. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association of Mathematics Teacher Educators, Irvine, CA.

Rakes, C. R., & Ronau, R. N. (2014, February). The structure of mathematics misconceptions in algebra, geometry rational number, and probability. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association of Mathematics Teacher Educators, Irvine, CA.

2013

Ronau, R. N., Rakes, C. R., Bush, S. B., Driskell, S. O., Niess, M. L., & Pugalee, D. (2013, November). A survey of mathematics education technology dissertation scope and quality: 1968-2009. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the North American Chapter of the International Group of the Psychology of Mathematics Education, Chicago, IL.

Rakes, C. R., & Ronau, R. N. (2013, November). The structure of mathematics misconceptions in algebra, geometry rational number, and probability. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the North American Chapter of the International Group of the Psychology of Mathematics Education, Chicago, IL.

Rakes, C. R., & Ronau, R. N. (2013, November). Understanding and addressing algebra, geometry, rational number, and probability misconceptions. Paper presented at the regional meeting of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, Louisville, KY.

2012

Rakes, C. R. (2012, October). Using Practice Guides to enhance mathematics education. Presentation given at the annual meeting of the Maryland Council of Teachers of Mathematics, Owings Mills, MD. Presentation

Rakes, C. R. (2012, October). Using research in mathematics education technology to inform classroom teaching. Presentation given at the annual meeting of the Maryland Council of Teachers of Mathematics, Owings Mills, MD. Presentation

Rakes, C. R. (2012, April). The value of research. Presentation given at the annual meeting of the Tri-University Spring Research Conference, Louisville, KY. Presentation and Notes.

Rakes, C. R., Ronau, R. N., Bush, S. B., Driskell, S. O., & Pugalee, D., & Niess, M. L. (2012, February). A structured inquiry of research in mathematics educational technology: Findings and implications. Symposium presented at the annual meeting of the Association of Mathematics Teacher Educators, Fort Worth, TX.

Presentation 1: Rakes, C. R. Research in mathematics educational technology: Study overview. Presentation.

Presentation 2: Ronau, R. N., Rakes, C. R., Bush, S., Driskell, S. O., & Pugalee, D. Dissertation studies in mathematics education technology: 1968-2009. Presentation.

Presentation 3: Bush, S., Driskell, S. O., Pugalee, D., & Niess, M. L., Ronau, R. N., & Rakes, C. R. Mathematics education technology research: A look at purposes and quality over the past four decades. Presentation.

Presentation 4: Rakes, C. R., Ronau, R. N., & Driskell, S. O. The relationship of achievement and orientation differences: A meta-analysis of mathematics educational technology studies. Presentation.

2011

Ronau, R. N., & Rakes, C. R. (2011, April). Research in mathematics instructional technology: Current trends and future demands. Presented to the faculty of the Center for Education Integrating Science, Math, and Computing at the Georgia Institute of Technology. Presentation

Rakes, C. R., Ronau, R. N., Niess, M. L., Driskell, S. , Pugalee, D., & Bush, S. (2011, January). Research in mathematics instructional technology: Current trends and future demands. Symposium presented at the annual meeting of the Association of Mathematics Teacher Educators, Irvine, CA. Presentation

Rakes, C. R. (2011, January). Teaching algebra for conceptual understanding. Symposium presented at the annual meeting of the Association of Mathematics Teacher Educators, Irvine, CA. Presentation 

2010

Rakes, C. R. (2010, April). Addressing mathematical misconceptions: Is probability the independent variable? Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Denver, CO. Final Paper 

Ronau, R. N., Rakes, C. R., Niess, M. L., & Wagner, L. (2010, April). Research in mathematics instructional technology: Current trends and future demands. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Denver, CO. Final Paper

Ronau, R. N., & Rakes, C. R. (2010, April). Research in Mathematics Instructional Technology: Current Trends and Future Demands. Poster presented at the research presession of the annual meeting of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, San Diego, CA. Poster and Proposal Narrative 

Rakes, C. R., Wagener, L., & Ronau, R. N. (2010, January). New directions in the research of technology-enhanced education. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association of Mathematics Teacher Educators, Irvine, CA. Presentation 

2009

Rakes, C. R. (2009, November). Using virtual manipulatives to enhance students’ understanding. Paper presented at the regional meeting of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, Nashville, TN. PresentationLink to Applet Resources

Wagener, L., Rakes, C. R., & Ronau, R. N. (2009, April). A comprehensive framework for teacher knowledge: A lens for examining research. In R. N. Ronau (Chair), Knowledge for Teaching Mathematics, a Structured Inquiry. Symposium conducted at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Diego, CA. Presentation 

Ronau, R. N., Rakes, C. R., Wagener, L., & Dougherty, B. (2009, February). A comprehensive framework for teacher knowledge: Reaching the goals of mathematics teacher preparation. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association of Mathematics Teacher Educators, Orlando, FL. Presentation

Rakes, C. R., & Brown, E. T. (2009, January). Virtual manipulatives in mathematics. Session presented at the quarterly meeting of the Greater Louisville Council of Teachers of Mathematics, Louisville, KY. Presentation

2003

Rakes, C. R., & Walters, M. (2003, July). Mathematics in Career and Technical Education. Paper presented at the Kentucky Department of Education Career and Technical Education Summer Conference, Louisville, KY. Presentation